Conspiracy theories warn of the scenario that an authoritarian government or an elite could attempt to transform humanity into an ‚ideal‘ society through genetic manipulation and selection. It is feared that people with certain physical or intellectual characteristics would be deliberately bred (or even cloned) to create a ‚superior‘ race. All others who do not meet the ‚perfect‘ genetic standards would then fall behind and be considered inferior. The consequences would be discrimination, exclusion, oppression and even elimination of those who do not belong to the chosen ones with the right genes. Today, this still seems an unlikely scenario, at least outside of science fiction and spaceship movies. Whether the future really looks that bleak will become clear in a few decades.