The Reichsbürger movement denies the legality of the Federal Republic of Germany as a state. They claim that no peace treaty was concluded after 1945, and therefore, the constitutional law (Grundgesetz) is considered invalid as no referendum was held on it. According to them, Germany is still occupied, and its (apparent) democratic structure is merely a facade. They believe that Germany functions a company implementing the ‚dictates of the victorious powers‘ and exploiting the people. The German ‚identity card‘ is often cited as evidence, with its name implying that it belongs to an employee of a company.

In protest against the perceived unjust regime, some members of the movement set up autonomous mini-states and monarchies (so-called ‚self-administrators‘). Others are secretly planning the violent overthrow of the government.