Scientology is a church founded in 1954 by the American pulp fiction author L. Ron Hubbard. It features Hollywood stars such as Tom Cruise as figureheads. Widely criticized as a dangerous cult, Scientology is accused of exploiting its members emotionally and financially through manipulative methods, including brainwashing. In Germany, the organization is classified as an anti-constitutional sect due to its anti-democratic activities, with allegations of seeking to establish a global totalitarian rule based on its ideology.

Scientology is also notorious for using various front companies for recruiting and economic infiltration. Speculation has surrounded companies rumored to be controlled by Scientology, including Warsteiner in 1994 and Microsoft in 2000, both facing boycotts as a result.